Solid Texture Synthesis from 2D Exemplars

Johannes Kopf
University of Konstanz


Chi-Wing Fu
Hong Kong University
of Science and Technology


Daniel Cohen-Or
Tel Aviv University


Oliver Deussen
University of Konstanz


Dani Lischinski
The Hebrew University


Tien-Tsin Wong
The Chinese University
 of Hong Kong

Examples of solid textures synthesized with our approach. Left: the statue appears to be carved out of a block of wood. Middle: volume rendering this solid texture with the brown texels rendered as transparent reveals intricate internal structure. Right: cutting off a part of the bunny reveals a consistent stone texture in the interior (we synthesized a displacement channel along with the RGB channels). The input 2D exemplars are shown next to the solid textured models.


We present a novel method for synthesizing solid textures from 2D texture exemplars. First, we extend optimization-based 2D texture synthesis to synthesize 3D texture solids. Next, the non-parametric texture optimization approach is integrated with histogram matching, which forces the global statistics of the synthesized solid to match those of the exemplar. This improves the convergence of the synthesis process and enables using smaller neighborhoods. In addition to producing compelling texture mapped surfaces, our method also effectively models the material in the interior of solid objects. We also demonstrate that our method is well-suited for synthesizing textures with a large number of channels per texel.
    author  = {Johannes Kopf and Chi-Wing Fu and Daniel Cohen-Or and 
               Oliver Deussen and Dani Lischinski and Tien-Tsin Wong},
    title   = {Solid Texture Synthesis from 2D Exemplars},
    journal = {ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 2007)},
    year    = {2007},
    volume  = {26},
    number  = {3},
    pages   = {2:1--2:9},
Paper (22.0 mb)
Light version (1.2 mb)
Divx (100.2 mb)
Synthesis Results
Additional Results
Comparison to Wei
Comparison to Jagnow et al.
Texture Library
Click here
Volume Viewer App
Click here
Maya Plugin
Click here